Book

Linguistic Modality and Means of its Expression in Hind Linguistic Modality and Means of its Expression in Hind

Vladimir Liperovsky

Linguistic Modality and Means of its Expression in Hind

Institut vostokovedeniya RAN

Moskva, 2014, 248 pages

ISBN: 978-5-89282-575-7

The monograph deals with a number of general theoretical problems concerning modality. This universal linguistic category is characterized by a variety of meanings reflecting diverse relations that can be established between the propositional basis of the content of statements and the real world, based on the reality/irreality parameter. The book gives a wealth of information about the means of expressing modality in Hindi. Special attention is paid to the problem of differentiation of moods in this language, as well as to cases where semantic functions of different moods converge.

Contents

Author’s foreword...................................................................... 3
The problem of linguistic modality and the category of mood... 4
The category of mood in Hindi................................................. 37
On the defining of moods......................................... 37
Semantic description of moods and distinctive features of their
functioning ……………………………………................... 44
Overlapping of moods in the semantic sphere on the paradigmatic axis....................................................................... 67

I. Indicative and Conditional ………………......................... 67
II. Indicative and Subjunctive………………........................ 71
III. Conditional and Imperative………………....................... 98
IV. Subjunctive and Imperative...…………………………… 99
V. Imperative and Indicative………………………............... 103
VI. Subjunctive and Indicative………………………............ 105
Biverbial constructions as a means of expressing modality in Hindi……........................................................ 120

Possibility............................................................................... 121

1. Stem used as a conjunctive participle + the verb saknā
‘can’…. .............................................................................. 123
2. Stem used as a conjunctive participle + the verb pānā
‘to get’ ……...................................................................... 133
3. Stem used as a conjunctive participle + the verb lenā ‘to take’............................................................................. 145
4. Infinitive + the verb jānnā ‘to know’……………….. ...... 147
5. Infinitive + the verb ānā ‘to come’………………………... 149
6. Imperfiective adverbial participle + the verb bannā ‘to become’……………………………………………………...... 151
7. Perfiective participle + the verb jānā ‘to go, to leave’................................................. 155
8. Pair constructions containing one verbal root………...........................160

Necessity........................................................................... 163

1. Infinitive + cāhiye (cāhie)……………………................... 178
2. Infinitive + honā……………………................................. 186
3. Infinitive + paṛnā……………………............................. 191

Desirability……........................................................................... 194

1. Infinitive + the verb cāhnā………………….................. 194
2. Gerund + the verb cāhnā…………………..................... 202
3. Infinitive with ko postposition + honā………………..... 206
4. Infinitive in the ne-form + the processive form of the verb jānā».......................................................................... 207
The modality of reliability……................................................... 210
The modality of volition……….................................................. 219
Afterword…............................................................................... 229
Abbreviations of names of sources…........................................... 230
Bibliographic abbreviations............................................. 237
References.................................................................................. 238
Contents….................................................................................. 246

RUS