Теоретическая грамматика японского языка. В 2 кн. Теоретическая грамматика японского языка. В 2 кн.
Теоретическая грамматика японского языка. В 2 кн. Теоретическая грамматика японского языка. В 2 кн.

Alpatov Vladimir, Petr Arkad`ev, Vera Podlesskaya

Theoretical Grammar of the Japanese Language. In 2 Books.

Еditor: Vera Podlesskaya

Москва, 2008, 560 p.

This work is the first in Russia to provide a fundamental grammar of modern Japanese. It sets forth a systematic description of the basic data on the grammatical system of Japanese, primarily, of its morphology and syntax. Linguistic facts are presented in broad theoretical and typological context. All language examples are given in Latin transcription, and are supplied with morpheme for morpheme glosses, as well as with literary translation. The book is addressed both to those who study Japanese for practical purposes, to professional japanologists – experts in Japanese linguistics and philology, and to researchers interested in typological and areal diversity of languages.



1. On the goals and features of this book
2. The structure of the book
3. The presentation of examples
4. Acknowledgements

Glossing abbreviations

Introduction. The Japanese language

Chapter 1. Phonology and morphonology

1.1 The Japanese phonetic system
1.2 Issues of transcription
1.3 Syllable structure and phonotactic constraints
1.4 Morphonology
1.4.1 Phonological structure of words
1.4.2 Phonetic alternations
1.5 Prosody
1.5.1 Pitch accent
1.5.2 Accent and inflection
1.5.3 Accent in compound words

Part I. Morphology

Chapter 2. The overview of Japanese morphology
Chapter 3. Inflection of nouns
Chapter 4. Conjugation
4.0 General remarks
4.1 Semantic classes of verbs
4.1.1. Active and stative verbs
4.1.2. Controlled and uncontrolled verbs
4.1.3 States and events
4.1.4 Telic and atelic verbs
4.1.5 Other verbal classes
4.2 Inflections and the category of finiteness
4.2.1 Mood Indicative Presumptive forms Hortative forms Imperative forms Suffixes -e, -ro, -yo Prohibitive Suffix -te Prefix o- plus suffix -i Negative indicative forms
4.2.2 Tense
4.2.3 Participle of obligation
4.2.4 Converbs Subjunctive
4.2.5 Inflection of adjectives
4.3 Non-finite suffixes
4.3.1 Voice Passive Causative
4.3.2 Potential
4.3.3 Polite forms
4.3.4 Honorific forms
4.3.5 Suppletion: lexical honorifics
4.3.6 Anti-honorific forms
4.3.7 Desiderative
4.3.8 Negation Suffix -(a)na Suffix -(a)zar-
4.3.9 Reciprocate
4.3.10 Hearsay
4.3.11 Excessive
4.3.12 Facilitative

Chapter 5 Function words
5.1 Adnominal particles
5.1.1 Case particles General remarks Zero particle and ellipsis Nominative ga Genitive no Accusative o Dative ni Instrument de Locative nite Allative e Ablative kara Goal made and madeni Source and comparison yori Comitative to Degree hodo Estimation gurai/kurai
5.1.2 Honorific suffixes san sama kun chan shi Zero suffix
5.1.3 Plural General remarks Tachi Ra Gata Domo
5.1.4 Enumeration nado
5.1.5 Limiting particles General remarks Dake Bakari Nomi
5.1.6 Adnominal coordinating conjunctions
5.1.7 Compound postpositions General remarks Postpositions with particle o O motte O hete Postpositions with particle ni Ni yotte Ni tsuite Ni totte Ni taishite Ni oite Ni shite Ni shitagatte Ni tsurete Ni atatte Ni motozuite Ni watatte Ni/to kurabete Ni kakawarazu Postpositions with particle to To shite To chigatte
5.2 Adverbial function verbs
5.2.1 Auxiliary verbs General remarks Aspect Continuative Iru Irassharu Mairu Oideninaru, oide + copula Oru Aru Preliminary action Oku Miru Goranninaru Miseru Shimau Benefactive Verbs of giving and taking as such and in benefactive constructions Diathesis alternations Dependency of elements Metaphoric meaning shift Directional auxiliary verbs Iku Kuru Honorific and humble auxiliary verbs General remarks Naru Nasaru Asdobasu Suru Itasu Moosu Mooshiageru Itadaku Dekiru Negau Imperative auxiliary verbs General remarks Kure Okure Yare Tamae Kuretamae Choodai Nasai Goran Oide Kudasai Irasshai Asobase Politeness Modal verbs and adjectives Constructions with adjectives of desire Constructions with adjectives of permission Constructions of obligation and prohibition Syntactic auxilary verbs Split verb phrases Suru with converbs Verbaliser suru Hearsay constructions
5.2.2 Copulas General remarks Da Desu Compound copulas De aru De nai De arimasu De gozaimasu Copulas as auxiliaries Presumptive phrases Polite phrases Honorific phrases
5.2.3 Nominalisers
5.3 Contrast particles
5.3.1 Wa
5.3.2 Mo
5.3.3 Sae
5.3.4 Sura
5.3.5 Demo
5.3.6 Shika
5.3.7 Koso
5.4 Modal particles
5.4.0 General remarks
5.4.1 Question markers Ka Kai Dai No
5.4.2 Rhetorical question markers Kashira Kana Kanaa Monoka (Monka)
5.4.3 Discourse Ne Na
5.4.4 Remembering kke
5.4.5 Assertive Yo Ze Zo Sa
5.4.6 Softening Wa Kamo
5.4.7 Suggestion Ga Kedo, keredo
5.4.8 Explaining mono
5.4.9 Purely expressive No Koto

Chapter 6. Personal pronouns
6.0 General remarks
6.1 First person pronouns
6.1.1 Watakushi
6.1.2 Watashi
6.1.3 Boku
6.1.4 Ore
6.1.5 Atashi
6.1.6 Washi
6.1.7 Atakushi
6.1.8 Jibun
6.1.9 Plural first person pronouns
6.2 Second person pronouns
6.2.1 Anata
6.2.2 Anta
6.2.3 Kimi
6.2.4 Omae
6.2.5 Kisama
6.2.6 Anatasama
6.2.7 Omaesan
6.2.8 Plural second person pronouns
6.2.9 Zero pronouns
6.3 Third person pronouns

Chapter 7. Other parts of speech
7.1 Adjectival noun
7.2 Adnominal
7.3 Adverb
7.3.1 Adverbial connectors
7.4 Onomatopoeia
7.5 Interjections, aizuchi

Chapter 8. Word-formation
8.1 Compounding
8.2 Derivation
8.2.1 Derivational prefixes
8.2.2 Dreivational suffixes Transposing suffixes Non-transposing suffixes
8.3 Serialization
Part II. Syntax of the simple sentence

Chapter 9. Typological traits of the Japanese syntax
9.1 Nominative-accusative type
9.2 Dependent marking
9.3 Consistent left branching
9.4 Grammaticalized topic
9.5 Widespread ellipsis

Chapter 10. Sentence constituents
10.1 Subject
10.1.1 On the notion of subject
10.1.2 Grammatical priority criteria in Japanese
10.1.3 Conflicts in the priority criteria
10.2 Direct and indirect objects
10.3 Topic
10.3.1 Grammatical properties
10.3.2 Functions
10.4 Non-prototypical marking of sentence constituents
10.4.0 General remarks
10.4.1 Bi-nominative constructions
10.4.2 Dative subject constructions
10.4.3 Semantic types of predicates with “quirky subject”

Chapter 11. Word order and sentence structure
11.1 General remarks
11.2 Grammatical restrictions on word order
11.3 Word order in existential clauses

Chapter 12. Grammatical anaphora
12.1 General remarks
12.2 Long-distance anaphor jibun
12.3 Local anaphor jibun-jishin
12.4 Pronominal kare

Chapter 13. Indefinite pronoun constructions
13.1 General remarks
13.2 Questions
13.1 Indefinite pronouns and operators

Chapter 14. The syntax of voice and argument derivation
14.1 Basic notions
14.2 Causative constructions
14.2.1 Morphological vs. lexical causative
14.2.2 Argument structure
14.2.3 Mono-clausal and serial construction traits
14.2.4 Semantic types of causative constructions
14.3 Passive constructions
14.3.1 Direct vs. indirect passive
14.3.2 Mono-clausal and serial construction traits
14.3.3 Marking of the agent
14.3.4 Meaning and functions of passive constructions
Part III. Compound sentences

Chapter 15. Main classes of complex predicate structures and their marking
15.1 Classification of complex predicate constructions
15.2 Connectors
15.3 Non-finite forms

Chapter 16. Coordination of predicates
16.1 Distinguishing coordination vs. dependency in complex predicate structures
16.2 Coordination of finite forms
16.3 Non-specialized converbs: coordination or dependency?
16.4 Representative converb: some traits of coordination

Chapter 17. Clausal modifiers
17.1 Main types of constructions with clausal modifiers
17.1.1 Non-finite forms as clausal modifiers General remarks Negative converb -azu Secondary situation converbs Concessive converbs Secondary concessive form -temo Secondary taxis form -tekara
17.1.2 Finite forms as clausal modifiers General remarks Concessive conjunction noni Causal particle kara and conjunction node Nominal connectors uchi, mae, ato
17.2 Conditional constructions
17.2.0 General remarks
17.2.1 -(R)eba
17.2.2 -Tara
17.2.3 Constructions with the conjunction to
17.2.4 Illocutive usage of conditionals. Constructions with the conjunction nara. Constructions with to suru
17.2.5 Grammatical categories of conditional forms
17.2.6 Questions and directives in conditional constructions
17.2.7 Other ways of expressing condition -Tewa Nominal connectors Adverbial connectors

Chapter 18. Relative clauses
18.1 Relativisation. Typology of relative clauses
18.2 General features and typological status of relative clauses in Japanese
18.2.1 Order of constituents
18.2.2 Syntactic and semantic role of the target
18.2.3 Finite vs. non-finite status of predicates in relative clauses
18.2.4 Relation markers
18.2.5 Pronominal “traces” in place of the relativisation target
18.3 Semantic interpretation of relative clauses
18.3.1 “Internal” vs. “external” heads
18.3.2 Interpreting clauses with “internal” head
18.4 Syntactic restrictions
18.5 Headless relative clauses

Chapter 19. Sentential arguments
19.1 Main classes of the sentential argument constructions
19.2 Nominalisers vs. quotation conjunction
19.2.0 General remarks
19.2.1 Predicates of remembering
19.2.2 Predicates of thought and speech
19.2.3 Predicates introducing possible worlds
19.2.4 Predicates of physical perception
19.2.5 Emotive and evaluation predicates
19.2.6 Some formal traits of nominalisers corresponding to “event vs. fact vs. propostiton” Cleft sentences with nominalisers Koto in noun phrases
19.3 Direct and indirect quotation

Thematic index
Personal index

РУССКАЯ ВЕРСИЯ: Теоретическая грамматика японского языка. В 2 кн.